Urinary cytokines and steroid responsiveness in idiopathic nephrotic syndrome of childhood

Robert P. Woroniecki, Ibrahim F. Shatat, Katarina Supe, Zhongfang Du, Frederick J. Kaskel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aim: Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) has been associated with activation of TGF-β1 and progression to chronic kidney disease. Steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS) has been associated with activation of T-cells and favorable outcome. Our objective was to distinguish SRNS from SSNS and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) from minimal change disease (MCD) on the basis of urinary cytokine profile. Method: We used a high-throughput cytokine array. ICAM-1 and TGF-β1 in urine and kidney tissue were evaluated by ELISA and immunohistochemistry (IHC), respectively. Results: Age, gender, race, body mass index, and glomerular filtration rate were similar among groups. There were no statistically significant differences between SRNS (n = 12) and SSNS (n = 12) in regard to the presence of hypertension, treatment with ACE inhibitors, and renal histology. Arrays detected a 1- to 5.5-fold increase in urinary cytokine expression in subjects with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) as compared to controls. Using ELISA, urinary excretion of ICAM-1 was significantly higher in INS subjects than in controls (control group, n = 12; p = 0.005), but it did not differentiate SRNS from SSNS, or FSGS from MCD. IHC failed to reveal differences in renal tissue expression of ICAM-1 among controls, SRNS and SSNS. There were no significant differences among controls, and patients with SRNS and SSNS in the urinary excretion of TGF-β1 (p = 0.21). However, urinary TGF-β1 levels were significantly higher in FSGS than in MCD (p = 0.03), and IHC showed increased immunoreactivity in FSGS. Conclusion: Our data indicate that urinary TGF-β1 was able to differentiate between FSGS and MCD but was not a biomarker of steroid responsiveness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-90
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Nephrology
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2007

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Nephrotic Syndrome
Steroids
Cytokines
Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
Lipoid Nephrosis
Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
Immunohistochemistry
Kidney
Congenital Nephrosis
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Histology
Body Mass Index
Biomarkers
Urine
Hypertension
T-Lymphocytes

Keywords

  • Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
  • Intercellular adhesion molecule 1
  • Protein array
  • Steroid resistance
  • Transforming growth factor β

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this

Urinary cytokines and steroid responsiveness in idiopathic nephrotic syndrome of childhood. / Woroniecki, Robert P.; Shatat, Ibrahim F.; Supe, Katarina; Du, Zhongfang; Kaskel, Frederick J.

In: American Journal of Nephrology, Vol. 28, No. 1, 11.2007, p. 83-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Woroniecki, Robert P. ; Shatat, Ibrahim F. ; Supe, Katarina ; Du, Zhongfang ; Kaskel, Frederick J. / Urinary cytokines and steroid responsiveness in idiopathic nephrotic syndrome of childhood. In: American Journal of Nephrology. 2007 ; Vol. 28, No. 1. pp. 83-90.
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