Update on Turner and Noonan Syndromes

Elizabeth Chacko, Evan Graber, Molly O. Regelmann, Elizabeth Wallach, Gertrude Costin, Robert Rapaport

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

17 Scopus citations


Turner syndrome (TS) and Noonan syndrome (NS) have short stature as a constant feature; however, both conditions can present clinicians with a challenging array of genetic, cardiovascular, developmental, and psychosocial issues. In recent years, important advances have been achieved in each of these areas. This article reviews these two syndromes and provides updates on recent developments in diagnostic evaluation, growth and development, psychological issues, and treatment options for patients with TS and NS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)713-734
Number of pages22
JournalEndocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Estrogen therapy
  • Growth
  • Noonan syndrome
  • Recombinant human growth hormone
  • Turner syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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