Tube feeding: Techniques and procedure

Amit Sohagia, Hilary I. Hertan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Enteral nutrition is the preferred means of nutrient delivery for patients with an intact and functional GI tract. Enteral access can be achieved by various techniques. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is now the technique of choice for long-term enteral feeding and benefits most patients. Each technique involves placement of a gastrostomy tube at a point where the stomach and abdominal wall are in closest contact. PEG is a bedside procedure without general anesthesia. Feeding can begin within 24 h of placement. Major complications (peritonitis, bleeding, perforation, and pulmonary aspiration) occur infrequently. PEG feeding does not improve function, nutrition, or quality of life in patients with dementia. Selection of patients for PEG requires a multidisciplinary team approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeriatric Gastroenterology
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages119-125
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781441916235
ISBN (Print)9781441916228
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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