The molecular events leading to pituitary thyrotroph cell division with eventual neoplastic transition will be studied in rats and mice during acute and chronic hypothyroidism. The decrease in L triiodothyronine (T3) minus concentration in hypothyroidism results in the desaturation of the nuclear T3 receptor which is a chromatin nonhistone protein and causes an increase in cell function (TSH secretion) and rate of cell division. Since this class of chromatin protein plays a critical role in activation of the genome in all phases of the cell cycle, it is likely that changes in these nuclear proteins during hypothyroidism lead to an altered thyrotroph cell cycle resulting in hyperplasia and neoplasia. The proposed studies will first explore the cell cycle of the normal thyrotroph, the distribution of the nuclear T3 receptors among the different cell lines in the anterior pituitary, the distribution and metabolism of T3 in the mouse, and the time of onset of the thyrotroph cell division in the rat. The baseline information obtained from these studies will then be used to determine: alterations in the physicochemical characteristics of the nuclear T3 receptor; the regulation of TSH secretion by T3 and thyrotrophic releasing hormone (TRH); and nonhistone chromatin protein patterns, synthesis, turnover, and phosphorylation in different stages of thyrotroph transition from normal cells to undifferentiated metastasizing neoplasms. The parameters will be studied in normal thyrotrophs, at the onset of thyrotroph hyperplasia, during hyperplasia, in thyrotrophic pituitary tumors, in transplanted hormone dependent thyrotrophic tumors, and in autonomous hormone independent thyrotrophic tumors. These studies should lead to a well characterized model system which should provide new insights into the interrelations between the chromatin protein T3 receptors, cell function, chromatin protein metabolism, and cell replication.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1975|
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