Trends in relative weight over 1 year in low-income urban youth

Hannah G. Lawman, Giridhar Mallya, Stephanie Vander Veur, Tara McCoy, Lisa Colby, Tim Sanders, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Gary D. Foster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives Recent cross-sectional data indicate the rates of childhood obesity are plateauing. Few large-scale longitudinal data sets exist, particularly in low-income and minority youth. The purpose of this study was to describe longitudinal changes in relative weight among a large sample of low-income, minority youth over 1 year. Methods Participants were students from 56 schools in urban, low-income environments. There were 17,727 first- to sixth-graders (64% African-American, 52% male) assessed at baseline, and 13,305 youth (75.1%) were reassessed 1 year later at follow-up. Measured height and weight were used to assess categorical (overweight, obesity, severe obesity) and continuous (BMI, percentile, z-score) measures of relative weight. Results Longitudinal data showed that over 1 year, BMI percentile (95% CI.64 - 0.32, P- <- 0.001) and BMI z-score (95% CI: -0.02 - 0.01, P- <- 0.001) were significantly lower compared to baseline. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was stable over 1 year. Most (86.0%) youth remained in the same weight category as baseline, 6.8% improved weight category, and 7.2% worsened weight category over 1 year. Conclusions These longitudinal data indicate that the relative weight of low-income, urban youth is showing signs of a small improvement over a 1-year follow-up period. The rates of childhood obesity, however, remain remarkably high and require continued, creative public health efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)436-442
Number of pages7
JournalObesity
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

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Weights and Measures
Pediatric Obesity
Obesity
Morbid Obesity
African Americans
Public Health
Students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Lawman, H. G., Mallya, G., Veur, S. V., McCoy, T., Colby, L., Sanders, T., ... Foster, G. D. (2015). Trends in relative weight over 1 year in low-income urban youth. Obesity, 23(2), 436-442. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.20928

Trends in relative weight over 1 year in low-income urban youth. / Lawman, Hannah G.; Mallya, Giridhar; Veur, Stephanie Vander; McCoy, Tara; Colby, Lisa; Sanders, Tim; Wylie-Rosett, Judith; Foster, Gary D.

In: Obesity, Vol. 23, No. 2, 01.02.2015, p. 436-442.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lawman, HG, Mallya, G, Veur, SV, McCoy, T, Colby, L, Sanders, T, Wylie-Rosett, J & Foster, GD 2015, 'Trends in relative weight over 1 year in low-income urban youth', Obesity, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 436-442. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.20928
Lawman HG, Mallya G, Veur SV, McCoy T, Colby L, Sanders T et al. Trends in relative weight over 1 year in low-income urban youth. Obesity. 2015 Feb 1;23(2):436-442. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.20928
Lawman, Hannah G. ; Mallya, Giridhar ; Veur, Stephanie Vander ; McCoy, Tara ; Colby, Lisa ; Sanders, Tim ; Wylie-Rosett, Judith ; Foster, Gary D. / Trends in relative weight over 1 year in low-income urban youth. In: Obesity. 2015 ; Vol. 23, No. 2. pp. 436-442.
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