Trends in opioid prescriptions after laparoscopic sterilization

Moona Arabkhazaeli, Genevieve Umeh, Bijan J. Khaksari, Lauren Sanchez, Xianhong Xie, Kari Plewniak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Examine trends in opioid prescriptions after laparoscopic sterilization over time, and identify any individual patient, provider, or procedural factors influencing prescribing. Methods: A retrospective observational cohort analysis of laparoscopic sterilizations between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2019 at Montefiore Medical Center. A review of the medical records was performed and infor-mation on patient demographics, comorbid conditions, and surgical characteristics were collected. The number of opioid pills prescribed postoperatively and any pain related patient calls, visits, or refills was recorded. Results: Between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2019, 615 laparoscopic sterilizations were performed. The median number of opioid pills prescribed was 10, rang-ing from 0 to 40. There was a significant decrease in the number of opioid pills prescribed (p < .0001) and refill incidence (p < .001) over time. Patients with a docu-mented diagnosis of pelvic pain received significantly more opioid pills (p = .02), as did patients who underwent tubal occlusion versus salpingectomy (p = .01). There was no association between the number of opioid pills prescribed and other patient or procedural character-istics. Finally, the number of pills prescribed was not associated with urgent patient contact (p = .34). Conclusions: The overall number of opioid pills prescribed after laparoscopic sterilization decreased at our institution over time, which paralleled a decrease in refills and urgent postoperative patient contact. Further, few clinical characteristics influenced postoperative prescribing and there was no association between number of pills prescribed and urgent patient contact. These findings suggest excess prescribing and highlight the need to identify and adopt an evidenced-based approach to post-surgical opioid prescriptions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2020.00088
JournalJournal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

Keywords

  • Pain
  • Postoperative
  • Prescription Drug Misuse
  • Sterilization
  • Tubal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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