Transplanted reporter cells help in defining onset of hepatocyte proliferation during the life of F344 rats

Rana P. Sokhi, Pankaj Rajvanshi, Sanjeev Gupta

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37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transplanted hepatocytes integrate in the liver parenchyma and exhibit gene expression patterns that are similar to adjacent host hepatocytes. To determine the fate of genetically marked hepatocytes in the context of hepatocellular proliferation throughout the rodent life span, we transplanted Fischer 344 (F344) rat hepatocytes into syngeneic dipeptidyl peptidase IV-deficient rats. The proliferative activity in transplanted hepatocytes was studied in animals ranging in age from a few days to 2 yr. Transplanted hepatocytes proliferated during liver development between 1 and 6 wk of age, each dividing an estimated two to five times. DNA synthesis in occasional cells was demonstrated by localizing bromodeoxyuridine incorporation. There was no evidence for transplanted cell proliferation between 6 wk and 1 yr of age. Subsequently, transplanted cells proliferated again, with increased sizes of transplanted cell clusters at 18 and 24 mo of age. The proliferative activity of transplanted cells was greater in rats entering senescence compared with during postnatal liver development. In old rats, some liver lobules were composed entirely of transplanted cells. We conclude that hepatocyte proliferation in the livers of very young and old F344 rats is regulated in a temporally determined, biphasic manner. The findings will be relevant to mechanisms concerning liver development, senescence, and oncogenesis, as well as to cell and gene therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume279
Issue number3 42-3
StatePublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Inbred F344 Rats
Hepatocytes
Liver
Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4
Bromodeoxyuridine
Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
Cell Size
Genetic Therapy
Rodentia
Carcinogenesis
Cell Proliferation
Gene Expression
DNA

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase IV
  • Hepatocyte transplantation
  • Liver
  • Regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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abstract = "Transplanted hepatocytes integrate in the liver parenchyma and exhibit gene expression patterns that are similar to adjacent host hepatocytes. To determine the fate of genetically marked hepatocytes in the context of hepatocellular proliferation throughout the rodent life span, we transplanted Fischer 344 (F344) rat hepatocytes into syngeneic dipeptidyl peptidase IV-deficient rats. The proliferative activity in transplanted hepatocytes was studied in animals ranging in age from a few days to 2 yr. Transplanted hepatocytes proliferated during liver development between 1 and 6 wk of age, each dividing an estimated two to five times. DNA synthesis in occasional cells was demonstrated by localizing bromodeoxyuridine incorporation. There was no evidence for transplanted cell proliferation between 6 wk and 1 yr of age. Subsequently, transplanted cells proliferated again, with increased sizes of transplanted cell clusters at 18 and 24 mo of age. The proliferative activity of transplanted cells was greater in rats entering senescence compared with during postnatal liver development. In old rats, some liver lobules were composed entirely of transplanted cells. We conclude that hepatocyte proliferation in the livers of very young and old F344 rats is regulated in a temporally determined, biphasic manner. The findings will be relevant to mechanisms concerning liver development, senescence, and oncogenesis, as well as to cell and gene therapy.",
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N2 - Transplanted hepatocytes integrate in the liver parenchyma and exhibit gene expression patterns that are similar to adjacent host hepatocytes. To determine the fate of genetically marked hepatocytes in the context of hepatocellular proliferation throughout the rodent life span, we transplanted Fischer 344 (F344) rat hepatocytes into syngeneic dipeptidyl peptidase IV-deficient rats. The proliferative activity in transplanted hepatocytes was studied in animals ranging in age from a few days to 2 yr. Transplanted hepatocytes proliferated during liver development between 1 and 6 wk of age, each dividing an estimated two to five times. DNA synthesis in occasional cells was demonstrated by localizing bromodeoxyuridine incorporation. There was no evidence for transplanted cell proliferation between 6 wk and 1 yr of age. Subsequently, transplanted cells proliferated again, with increased sizes of transplanted cell clusters at 18 and 24 mo of age. The proliferative activity of transplanted cells was greater in rats entering senescence compared with during postnatal liver development. In old rats, some liver lobules were composed entirely of transplanted cells. We conclude that hepatocyte proliferation in the livers of very young and old F344 rats is regulated in a temporally determined, biphasic manner. The findings will be relevant to mechanisms concerning liver development, senescence, and oncogenesis, as well as to cell and gene therapy.

AB - Transplanted hepatocytes integrate in the liver parenchyma and exhibit gene expression patterns that are similar to adjacent host hepatocytes. To determine the fate of genetically marked hepatocytes in the context of hepatocellular proliferation throughout the rodent life span, we transplanted Fischer 344 (F344) rat hepatocytes into syngeneic dipeptidyl peptidase IV-deficient rats. The proliferative activity in transplanted hepatocytes was studied in animals ranging in age from a few days to 2 yr. Transplanted hepatocytes proliferated during liver development between 1 and 6 wk of age, each dividing an estimated two to five times. DNA synthesis in occasional cells was demonstrated by localizing bromodeoxyuridine incorporation. There was no evidence for transplanted cell proliferation between 6 wk and 1 yr of age. Subsequently, transplanted cells proliferated again, with increased sizes of transplanted cell clusters at 18 and 24 mo of age. The proliferative activity of transplanted cells was greater in rats entering senescence compared with during postnatal liver development. In old rats, some liver lobules were composed entirely of transplanted cells. We conclude that hepatocyte proliferation in the livers of very young and old F344 rats is regulated in a temporally determined, biphasic manner. The findings will be relevant to mechanisms concerning liver development, senescence, and oncogenesis, as well as to cell and gene therapy.

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