Transplanted hepatocytes engraft, survive, and proliferate in the liver of rats with carbon tetrachloride-induced cirrhosis

S. Gagandeep, Pankaj Rajvanshi, Rana P. Sokhi, Sanjeev Slehria, Christopher J. Palestro, Kuldeep K. Bhargava, Sanjeev Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Repopulation of the cirrhotic liver with disease-resistant hepatocytes could offer novel therapies, as well as systems for biological studies. Establishing whether transplanted hepatocytes can engraft, survive, and proliferate in the cirrhotic liver is a critical demonstration. Dipeptidyl peptidase IV-deficient F344 rats were used to localize transplanted hepatocytes isolated from the liver of syngeneic normal F344 rats. Cirrhosis was induced by administration of carbon tetrachloride with phenobarbitone and these drugs were withdrawn prior to cell transplantation. Cirrhotic rats showed characteristic hepatic histology, as well as significant portosystemic shunting. When hepatocytes were transplanted via the spleen, cells were distributed immediately in periportal areas, fibrous septa, and regenerative nodules of the cirrhotic liver. Although some transplanted cells translocated into pulmonary capillaries, this was not deleterious. At 1 week, transplanted cells were fully integrated in the liver parenchyma, along with expression of glucose-6-phosphatase and glycogen as reporters of hepatic function. Transplanted callose proliferated in the liver of cirrhotic animals and survived indefinitely. At 1 year, transplanted hepatocytes formed large clusters containing several-fold more cells than normal control animals, which was in agreement with increased cell turnover in the cirrhotic rat liver. The findings indicate that the cirrhotic liver can be repopulated with functionally intact hepatocytes that are capable of proliferating. Liver repopulation using disease-resistant hepatocytes will be applicable in chronic conditions, such as viral hepatitis or Wilson's disease. Copyright (C) 2000 John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-85
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pathology
Volume191
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2000

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Keywords

  • Cirrhosis
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase IV
  • Gene expression
  • Hepatocyte transplantation
  • Liver
  • Liver regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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