5′-Methylthioadenosine/S-adenosylhomocysteine nucleosidase (MTAN) is a bacterial enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the N-ribosidic bond in 5′-methylthioadenosine (MTA) and S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH). MTAN activity has been linked to quorum sensing pathways, polyamine biosynthesis, and adenine salvage. Previously, the coding sequence of Rv0091 was annotated as a putative MTAN in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Rv0091 was expressed in Escherichia coli, purified to homogeneity, and shown to be a homodimer, consistent with MTANs from other microorganisms. Substrate specificity for Rv0091 gave a preference for 5′-deoxyadenosine relative to MTA or SAH. Intrinsic kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) for the hydrolysis of [1′-3H], [1′-14C], [5′-3H2], [9-15N], and [7-15N]MTA were determined to be 1.207, 1.038, 0.998, 1.021, and 0.998, respectively. A model for the transition state structure of Rv0091 was determined by matching KIE values predicted via quantum chemical calculations to the intrinsic KIEs. The transition state shows a substantial loss of C1′-N9 bond order, well-developed oxocarbenium character of the ribosyl ring, and weak participation of the water nucleophile. Electrostatic potential surface maps for the Rv0091 transition state structure show similarity to DADMe-immucillin transition state analogues. DADMe-immucillin transition state analogues showed strong inhibition of Rv0091, with the most potent inhibitor (5′-hexylthio-DADMe-immucillinA) displaying a Ki value of 87 pM.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine