The binding of [5′-3H]inosine to human purine nucleoside phosphorylase results in an equilibrium binding isotope effect (BIE) of 1.5%, and transition state formation causes an intrinsic KIE of 4.7%. These values reflect atomic vibrational distortions in the 5′-C-H bonds upon formation of the Michaelis complex and transition state. The degree of atomic distortion for catalysis is compared to that for binding of transition state analogues. Similar radiolabeled forms of the transition-state analogues ImmH and DADMe-ImmH gave large 5′-3H BIEs of 12.6% and 29.2%, respectively. Greater bond distortions occur upon complex formation with transition-state analogues, supporting weaker distortional forces at the transition state than in the formation of complexes with transition-state analogues.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry