Transient expression of oatp organic anion transporter in mammalian cells: Identification of candidate substrates

Naoaki Kanai, Run Lu, Y. I. Bao, Allan W. Wolkoff, Victor L. Schuster

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Abstract

The cDNA for the rat liver organic anion-transporting polypeptide "oatp" has been shown to encode transport of bromosulfophthalein (BSP) and bile salts in Xenopus oocytes (E. Jacquemin, B. Hagenbuch, B. Stieger, A. W. Wolkoff, and P. J. Meier. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91: 133-137, 1994). Because oatp mRNA is expressed strongly in the kidney, we sought to determine whether renal oatp might play a role in the known secretion of a large variety of organic anions by the kidney. We transiently expressed a full-length oatp cDNA, cloned in pSPORT, in HeLa cell monolayers using the recombinant vaccinia virus vtf7-3. We tested an array of organic anions as candidate substrates by determining their ability to compete with tracer BSP for transport. HeLa cell monolayers transfected with the oatp cDNA transported tracer BSP and taurocholate at rates substantially higher than monolayers transfected with a control plasmid. Thus good expression can be obtained with the vaccinia-HeLa system using a standard plasmid cloning vector. BSP transport varied as a function of the medium albumin, ionic conditions, and pH in a fashion similar to that in Xenopus oocytes. Several organic anions known to be secreted by the classic secretory pathway, including paminohippurate (PAH), phenol red, and indigo carmine (10 uM) failed to inhibit oatp-mediated BSP transport. Direct testing using tracers revealed no oatp-mediated transport of sulfate, urate, PAH, several eicosanoids, or unconjugated or conjugated bilirubin. On the other hand, BSP transport was inhibited by -50% by 10 pM corticosterone sulfate, spironolactone, and several other steroids. We conclude that the functional properties of oatp expressed in the HeLa cell/vaccinia transient expression system are comparable to those following expression in Xenopus oocytes and that steroids are likely to represent high-affinity endogenous oatp substrates. The latter hypothesis is addressed in greater detail in a companion paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology
Volume270
Issue number2 PART 2
StatePublished - 1996

Fingerprint

Organic Anion Transporters
Sulfobromophthalein
Anions
Xenopus
HeLa Cells
Oocytes
Vaccinia
Complementary DNA
Kidney
Plasmids
Steroids
Indigo Carmine
Phenolsulfonphthalein
Genetic Vectors
Taurocholic Acid
Spironolactone
Eicosanoids
Vaccinia virus
Secretory Pathway
Uric Acid

Keywords

  • Bile salts
  • Bromosulfophthalein
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Organic anion transport
  • Steroid hormones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology

Cite this

@article{fc696d6d56c9424b8350660c4d41970e,
title = "Transient expression of oatp organic anion transporter in mammalian cells: Identification of candidate substrates",
abstract = "The cDNA for the rat liver organic anion-transporting polypeptide {"}oatp{"} has been shown to encode transport of bromosulfophthalein (BSP) and bile salts in Xenopus oocytes (E. Jacquemin, B. Hagenbuch, B. Stieger, A. W. Wolkoff, and P. J. Meier. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91: 133-137, 1994). Because oatp mRNA is expressed strongly in the kidney, we sought to determine whether renal oatp might play a role in the known secretion of a large variety of organic anions by the kidney. We transiently expressed a full-length oatp cDNA, cloned in pSPORT, in HeLa cell monolayers using the recombinant vaccinia virus vtf7-3. We tested an array of organic anions as candidate substrates by determining their ability to compete with tracer BSP for transport. HeLa cell monolayers transfected with the oatp cDNA transported tracer BSP and taurocholate at rates substantially higher than monolayers transfected with a control plasmid. Thus good expression can be obtained with the vaccinia-HeLa system using a standard plasmid cloning vector. BSP transport varied as a function of the medium albumin, ionic conditions, and pH in a fashion similar to that in Xenopus oocytes. Several organic anions known to be secreted by the classic secretory pathway, including paminohippurate (PAH), phenol red, and indigo carmine (10 uM) failed to inhibit oatp-mediated BSP transport. Direct testing using tracers revealed no oatp-mediated transport of sulfate, urate, PAH, several eicosanoids, or unconjugated or conjugated bilirubin. On the other hand, BSP transport was inhibited by -50{\%} by 10 pM corticosterone sulfate, spironolactone, and several other steroids. We conclude that the functional properties of oatp expressed in the HeLa cell/vaccinia transient expression system are comparable to those following expression in Xenopus oocytes and that steroids are likely to represent high-affinity endogenous oatp substrates. The latter hypothesis is addressed in greater detail in a companion paper.",
keywords = "Bile salts, Bromosulfophthalein, Kidney, Liver, Organic anion transport, Steroid hormones",
author = "Naoaki Kanai and Run Lu and Bao, {Y. I.} and Wolkoff, {Allan W.} and Schuster, {Victor L.}",
year = "1996",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "270",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology",
issn = "1931-857X",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Transient expression of oatp organic anion transporter in mammalian cells

T2 - Identification of candidate substrates

AU - Kanai, Naoaki

AU - Lu, Run

AU - Bao, Y. I.

AU - Wolkoff, Allan W.

AU - Schuster, Victor L.

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - The cDNA for the rat liver organic anion-transporting polypeptide "oatp" has been shown to encode transport of bromosulfophthalein (BSP) and bile salts in Xenopus oocytes (E. Jacquemin, B. Hagenbuch, B. Stieger, A. W. Wolkoff, and P. J. Meier. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91: 133-137, 1994). Because oatp mRNA is expressed strongly in the kidney, we sought to determine whether renal oatp might play a role in the known secretion of a large variety of organic anions by the kidney. We transiently expressed a full-length oatp cDNA, cloned in pSPORT, in HeLa cell monolayers using the recombinant vaccinia virus vtf7-3. We tested an array of organic anions as candidate substrates by determining their ability to compete with tracer BSP for transport. HeLa cell monolayers transfected with the oatp cDNA transported tracer BSP and taurocholate at rates substantially higher than monolayers transfected with a control plasmid. Thus good expression can be obtained with the vaccinia-HeLa system using a standard plasmid cloning vector. BSP transport varied as a function of the medium albumin, ionic conditions, and pH in a fashion similar to that in Xenopus oocytes. Several organic anions known to be secreted by the classic secretory pathway, including paminohippurate (PAH), phenol red, and indigo carmine (10 uM) failed to inhibit oatp-mediated BSP transport. Direct testing using tracers revealed no oatp-mediated transport of sulfate, urate, PAH, several eicosanoids, or unconjugated or conjugated bilirubin. On the other hand, BSP transport was inhibited by -50% by 10 pM corticosterone sulfate, spironolactone, and several other steroids. We conclude that the functional properties of oatp expressed in the HeLa cell/vaccinia transient expression system are comparable to those following expression in Xenopus oocytes and that steroids are likely to represent high-affinity endogenous oatp substrates. The latter hypothesis is addressed in greater detail in a companion paper.

AB - The cDNA for the rat liver organic anion-transporting polypeptide "oatp" has been shown to encode transport of bromosulfophthalein (BSP) and bile salts in Xenopus oocytes (E. Jacquemin, B. Hagenbuch, B. Stieger, A. W. Wolkoff, and P. J. Meier. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91: 133-137, 1994). Because oatp mRNA is expressed strongly in the kidney, we sought to determine whether renal oatp might play a role in the known secretion of a large variety of organic anions by the kidney. We transiently expressed a full-length oatp cDNA, cloned in pSPORT, in HeLa cell monolayers using the recombinant vaccinia virus vtf7-3. We tested an array of organic anions as candidate substrates by determining their ability to compete with tracer BSP for transport. HeLa cell monolayers transfected with the oatp cDNA transported tracer BSP and taurocholate at rates substantially higher than monolayers transfected with a control plasmid. Thus good expression can be obtained with the vaccinia-HeLa system using a standard plasmid cloning vector. BSP transport varied as a function of the medium albumin, ionic conditions, and pH in a fashion similar to that in Xenopus oocytes. Several organic anions known to be secreted by the classic secretory pathway, including paminohippurate (PAH), phenol red, and indigo carmine (10 uM) failed to inhibit oatp-mediated BSP transport. Direct testing using tracers revealed no oatp-mediated transport of sulfate, urate, PAH, several eicosanoids, or unconjugated or conjugated bilirubin. On the other hand, BSP transport was inhibited by -50% by 10 pM corticosterone sulfate, spironolactone, and several other steroids. We conclude that the functional properties of oatp expressed in the HeLa cell/vaccinia transient expression system are comparable to those following expression in Xenopus oocytes and that steroids are likely to represent high-affinity endogenous oatp substrates. The latter hypothesis is addressed in greater detail in a companion paper.

KW - Bile salts

KW - Bromosulfophthalein

KW - Kidney

KW - Liver

KW - Organic anion transport

KW - Steroid hormones

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C2 - 8779893

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JO - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology

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