Transformations of the FeS Clusters of the Methylthiotransferases MiaB and RimO, Detected by Direct Electrochemistry

Stephanie J. Maiocco, Arthur J. Arcinas, Bradley J. Landgraf, Kyung Hoon Lee, Squire J. Booker, Sean J. Elliott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The methylthiotransferases (MTTases) represent a subfamily of the S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) radical superfamily of enzymes that catalyze the attachment of a methylthioether (-SCH3) moiety on unactivated carbon centers. These enzymes contain two [4Fe-4S] clusters, one of which participates in the reductive fragmentation of AdoMet to generate a 5′-deoxyadenosyl 5′-radical and the other of which, termed the auxiliary cluster, is believed to play a central role in constructing the methylthio group and attaching it to the substrate. Because the redox properties of the bound cofactors within the AdoMet radical superfamily are so poorly understood, we have examined two MTTases in parallel, MiaB and RimO, using protein electrochemistry. We resolve the redox potentials of each [4Fe-4S] cluster, show that the auxiliary cluster has a potential higher than that of the AdoMet-binding cluster, and demonstrate that upon incubation of either enzyme with AdoMet, a unique low-potential state of the enzyme emerges. Our results are consistent with a mechanism whereby the auxiliary cluster is transiently methylated during substrate methylthiolation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5531-5536
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemistry
Volume55
Issue number39
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 4 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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