background: Endovascular stented grafts employ a new technique that blends intravascular stent and prosthetic graft technologies. These devices may be used to treat arterial aneurysms, occlusive disease, and vascular injuries. This report describes the application of stented grafts to the treatment of limb-threatening ischemia secondary to occlusive disease of the aorta, iliac, and femoral arteries. methods: Three patients with limb-threatening ischemia and severe comorbid medical illnesses were treated with transvascular stented grafts that were composed of 6-mm thin-walled polytetrafluoroethylene grafts and Palmaz balloon expandable stents. The grafts were inserted through a cutdown in an artery remote from the site of occlusion and introduced into the vascular system within 14-Fr introducer sheaths. results: Technical success was documented in all three patients with restoration of arterial continuity following stent graft deployment. Patency and limb salvage has been achieved to 1 year. One patient required further dilatation of the proximal stent at 6 weeks. Complications were limited to an iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis in one patient. conclusions: Endovascular stented grafts can be inserted to treat limb-threatening ischemia. Although these initial results are encouraging, greater experience in more patients observed for longer periods of time is necessary before this technique can be advocated for widespread use.
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