Transcriptional activities of reovirus RNA polymerase in recoated cores

Diane L. Farsetta, Kartik Chandran, Max L. Nibert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The particle-associated reovirus polymerase synthesizes mRNA within only certain viral particle types. Reovirus cores, subviral particles lacking outer capsid proteins μ1, σ3, and σ1, produce mRNA and abortive transcripts. Reovirus virions, which contain complete outer capsids, cannot produce mRNA and produce few abortive transcripts. Recoated cores are virion-like particles generated by the addition of recombinant outer capsid proteins to cores. We used recoated cores to analyze transcriptional regulation by reovirus outer capsid proteins. Partially recoated particles, containing less than virion amounts of μ1 and σ3, synthesized mRNA at levels inversely proportional to outer capsid protein levels. Fully recoated cores exhibited undetectable mRNA synthesis levels, as did virions. However, recoated cores produced high levels of abortive transcripts. Recoated core abortive transcripts remained particle-associated and appeared to inhibit further abortive transcript production. Proteolysis of recoated cores removing μ1 and σ3 released accumulated abortive transcripts and relieved inhibition of mRNA and abortive transcript synthesis. These results suggest transcriptional elongation, but not initiation, is blocked by virion-like amounts of μ1 and σ3. Particle-associated abortive transcripts may down-regulate transcriptional initiation. Minor outer capsid protein σ1 had no demonstrable effect on transcriptional activities. Transcriptional regulation may ensure progeny virions do not compete with transcribing particles for ribonucleoside triphosphates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39693-39701
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number50
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2000

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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