Towards a unified taxonomy of health indicators

Academic health centers and communities working together to improve population health

Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Syed Ahmed, Zeno Franco, Anne Kissack, Davera Gabriel, Thelma Hurd, Linda Ziegahn, Nancy J. Bates, Karen Calhoun, Lori Carter-Edwards, Giselle Corbie-Smith, Milton Mickey Eder, Carol Ferrans, Karen Hacker, Bernice B. Rumala, Alvin H. Strelnick, Nina Wallerstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) program represents a significant public investment. To realize its major goal of improving the public's health and reducing health disparities, the CTSA Consortium's Community Engagement Key Function Committee has undertaken the challenge of developing a taxonomy of community health indicators. The objective is to initiate a unified approach for monitoring progress in improving population health outcomes. Such outcomes include, importantly, the interests and priorities of community stakeholders, plus the multiple, overlapping interests of universities and of the public health and health care professions involved in the development and use of local health care indicators.The emerging taxonomy of community health indicators that the authors propose supports alignment of CTSA activities and facilitates comparative effectiveness research across CTSAs, thereby improving the health of communities and reducing health disparities. The proposed taxonomy starts at the broadest level, determinants of health; subsequently moves to more finite categories of community health indicators; and, finally, addresses specific quantifiable measures. To illustrate the taxonomy's application, the authors have synthesized 21 health indicator projects from the literature and categorized them into international, national, or local/special jurisdictions. They furthered categorized the projects within the taxonomy by ranking indicators with the greatest representation among projects and by ranking the frequency of specific measures. They intend for the taxonomy to provide common metrics for measuring changes to population health and, thus, extend the utility of the CTSA Community Engagement Logic Model. The input of community partners will ultimately improve population health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)564-572
Number of pages9
JournalAcademic Medicine
Volume89
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Community Health Centers
taxonomy
Health
health
Population
community
science
ranking
Public Health
Comparative Effectiveness Research
public health
Delivery of Health Care
health care profession
Health Occupations
public investment
Health Status
jurisdiction
stakeholder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Towards a unified taxonomy of health indicators : Academic health centers and communities working together to improve population health. / Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio; Ahmed, Syed; Franco, Zeno; Kissack, Anne; Gabriel, Davera; Hurd, Thelma; Ziegahn, Linda; Bates, Nancy J.; Calhoun, Karen; Carter-Edwards, Lori; Corbie-Smith, Giselle; Eder, Milton Mickey; Ferrans, Carol; Hacker, Karen; Rumala, Bernice B.; Strelnick, Alvin H.; Wallerstein, Nina.

In: Academic Medicine, Vol. 89, No. 4, 2014, p. 564-572.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aguilar-Gaxiola, S, Ahmed, S, Franco, Z, Kissack, A, Gabriel, D, Hurd, T, Ziegahn, L, Bates, NJ, Calhoun, K, Carter-Edwards, L, Corbie-Smith, G, Eder, MM, Ferrans, C, Hacker, K, Rumala, BB, Strelnick, AH & Wallerstein, N 2014, 'Towards a unified taxonomy of health indicators: Academic health centers and communities working together to improve population health', Academic Medicine, vol. 89, no. 4, pp. 564-572. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000000198
Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio ; Ahmed, Syed ; Franco, Zeno ; Kissack, Anne ; Gabriel, Davera ; Hurd, Thelma ; Ziegahn, Linda ; Bates, Nancy J. ; Calhoun, Karen ; Carter-Edwards, Lori ; Corbie-Smith, Giselle ; Eder, Milton Mickey ; Ferrans, Carol ; Hacker, Karen ; Rumala, Bernice B. ; Strelnick, Alvin H. ; Wallerstein, Nina. / Towards a unified taxonomy of health indicators : Academic health centers and communities working together to improve population health. In: Academic Medicine. 2014 ; Vol. 89, No. 4. pp. 564-572.
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