Time to diagnosis of acute complications after cardiovascular implantable electronic device insertion and optimal timing of discharge within the first 24 hours

Lalit Wadhwani, Karen Occhipinti, Ahmed Selim, Arun Manmadhan, Alexander Kushnir, Chirag Barbhaiya, Lior Jankelson, Douglas Holmes, Scott Bernstein, Michael Spinelli, Robert Knotts, David S. Park, Larry A. Chinitz, Anthony Aizer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: More than 3 million cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) are implanted annually. There are minimal data regarding the timing of diagnosis of acute complications after implantation. It remains unclear whether patients can be safely discharged less than 24 hours postimplantation. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the precise timing of acute complication diagnosis after CIED implantation and optimal timing for same-day discharge. Methods: A retrospective cohort analysis of adults 18 years or older who underwent CIED implantation at a large urban quaternary care medical center between June 1, 2015, and March 30, 2020, was performed. Standard of care included overnight observation and chest radiography 6 and 24 hours postprocedure. Medical records were reviewed for the timing of diagnosis of acute complications. Acute complications included pneumothorax, hemothorax, pericardial effusion, lead dislodgment, and implant site hematoma requiring surgical intervention. Results: A total of 2421 patients underwent implantation. Pericardial effusion or cardiac tamponade was diagnosed in 13 patients (0.53%), pneumothorax or hemothorax in 19 patients (0.78%), lead dislodgment in 11 patients (0.45%), and hematomas requiring surgical intervention in 5 patients (0.2%). Of the 48 acute complications, 43 (90%) occurred either within 6 hours or more than 24 hours after the procedure. Only 3 acute complications identified between 6 and 24 hours required intervention during the index hospitalization (0.12% of all cases). Conclusion: Most acute complications are diagnosed either within the first 6 hours or more than 24 hours after implantation. With rare exception, patients can be considered for discharge after 6 hours of appropriate monitoring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2110-2114
Number of pages5
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • Complications
  • Discharge timing
  • Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • Pacemaker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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