Thyroperoxidase and thyroglobulin antibodies in early pregnancy and placental abruption

James E. Haddow, Monica R. McClain, Glenn E. Palomaki, Louis M. Neveux, Geralyn Lambert-Messerlian, Jacob A. Canick, Fergal D. Malone, T. Flint Porter, David A. Nyberg, Peter S. Bernstein, Mary E. D'Alton

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Abstract

To estimate the relationship between thyroid antibodies and placental abruption. This cohort study assesses thyroperoxidase and thyroglobulin antibodies in relation to placental abruption among 10,062 women with singleton viable pregnancies (from the First and Second Trimester Risk of Aneuploidy [FaSTER] trial). A thyroperoxidase antibody cutoff of 50 international units/mL is used for comparison with published data from another cohort. Women with elevated thyroperoxidase antibody levels in the first and second trimesters have a higher rate of placental abruption than antibody-negative women. This relationship is less strong in the first trimester (1.51% compared with 0.83%; odds ratio [OR], 1.83; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.99-3.37) than in the second trimester (1.78% compared with 0.82%; OR, 2.20; 95% CI, 1.21-3.99). A similar, but weaker, relationship is present for thyroglobulin antibodies. Sixty-four of 782 thyroperoxidase antibody-positive pregnancies without abruption become negative by the second trimester; one pregnancy with abruption becomes antibody-positive. Odds ratios for pregnancies with both thyroperoxidase and thyroglobulin antibody elevations are also higher (first trimester: OR, 2.10; 95% CI, 0.91-4.86; second trimester: OR, 2.73; 95% CI, 1.17-6.33). The present data confirm an association between thyroid antibody elevations and placental abruption described in a recent report. These findings, however, do not provide support for recommending routine testing for thyroid antibodies during pregnancy. II.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-292
Number of pages6
JournalObstetrics and gynecology
Volume117
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Haddow, J. E., McClain, M. R., Palomaki, G. E., Neveux, L. M., Lambert-Messerlian, G., Canick, J. A., Malone, F. D., Porter, T. F., Nyberg, D. A., Bernstein, P. S., & D'Alton, M. E. (2011). Thyroperoxidase and thyroglobulin antibodies in early pregnancy and placental abruption. Obstetrics and gynecology, 117(2), 287-292. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0b013e31820513d9