Thrombosis in myeloproliferative neoplasms: Treatment outcomes of direct oral anticoagulants and vitamin K antagonists

Kateryna Fedorov, Swati Goel, Margarita Kushnir, Henny H. Billett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), such as polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and primary myelofibrosis (PMF), are at an increased risk of recurrent thromboembolic events (TEs) and hemorrhagic complications. Anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) had been the standard of care until the recent US Food and Drug Administration approval of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) for treatment of cancer-associated thrombosis. However, since patients with MPNs were underrepresented in large studies, the use of DOACs in patients with MPN-associated thrombosis remains understudied. Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to establish the incidence of recurrent TEs and hemorrhagic complications in patients with MPN-associated thrombosis treated with DOACs versus VKAs as first-line therapy. Methods: Data from 30 patients ≥18 years old with established diagnoses of PV or ET who were treated with either DOACs or VKAs as the first-line anticoagulant for arterial and/or venous thrombosis were reviewed to determine the incidence of recurrent TEs as well as hemorrhagic complications. Results: Nineteen patients were treated with DOACs, and 11 were treated with VKAs. Of those on DOACs, 1 had a recurrent thrombosis, and 4 had bleeding events. Of the 11 patients treated with VKAs, 1 had a recurrent thrombotic event, and 1 had a bleeding event. Conclusion: Our data did not demonstrate a significant difference in recurrent TEs or bleeding events in patients with MPN-associated thrombosis anticoagulated with either DOACs or VKAs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12574
JournalResearch and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • anticoagulants
  • myeloproliferative disorders
  • neoplasms
  • thrombosis
  • treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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