ImmH (1) and DADMe-ImmH (2) are potent inhibitors of human purine nucleoside phoshorylase (PNP), developed by us and currently in clinical trials for the treatment of a variety of T-cell related diseases. Compounds 1 and 2 were used as templates for the design and synthesis of a series of acyclic immucillin analogues (8-38) in order to identify simplified alternatives to 1 and 2. SerMe-ImmG (8) and DATMe- ImmG (9) displayed the lowest inhibition constants of 2.1 and 3.4 pM, respectively, vs PNP. It was postulated that the flexible natures of 8 and 9 enabled them to adopt conformations resembling those of 1 and 2 within the active site of PNP and that the positioning of two hydroxyl groups was critical for picomolar activity. SerMe-ImmH (10, K d = 5.2 pM) was shown to be orally available in mice with a long biological residence time on blood PNP.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Journal of Medicinal Chemistry|
|State||Published - Feb 26 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery