Background: The goal of this study was to determine the optimal treatment parameters for the ablation of human esophageal epithelium using a balloon-based bipolar radiofrequency (RF) energy electrode. Methods: Immediately prior to esophagectomy, subjects underwent esophagoscopy and ablation of two separate, 3-cm long, circumferential segments of non-tumor-bearing esophageal epithelium using a balloon-based bipolar RF energy electrode (BARRX Medical, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA, USA). Subjects were randomized to one of three energy density groups: 8, 10, or 12 J/cm2. RF energy was applied one time (1x) proximally and two times (2x) distally. Following resection, sections from each ablation zone were evaluated using H&E and diaphorase. Histological endpoints were complete epithelial ablation (yes/no), maximum ablation depth, and residual ablation thickness after tissue slough. Outcomes were compared according to energy density group and 1x vs 2x treatment. Results: Thirteen male subjects (age, 49-85 years) with esophageal adenocarcinoma underwent the ablation procedure followed by total esophagectomy. Complete epithelial removal occurred in the following zones: 10 J/ cm2 (2x) and 12 J/cm 2 (1x and 2x). The maximum depth of injury was the muscularis mucosae: 10 and 12 J/cm2 (both 2x). A second treatment (2x) did not significantly increase the depth of injury. Maximum thickness of residual ablation after tissue slough was only 35 μm. Conclusions: Complete removal of the esophageal epithelium without injury to the submucosa or muscularis propria is possible using this balloon-based RF electrode at 10 J/cm2 (2x) or 12 J/cm2 (1x or 2x). A second application (2x) does not significantly increase ablation depth. These data have been used to select the appropriate settings for treating intestinal metaplasia in trials currently under way.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2006|
- Intestinal metaplasia
ASJC Scopus subject areas