The Wnt inhibitory factor 1 restoration in prostate cancer cells was associated with reduced tumor growth, decreased capacity of cell migration and invasion and a reversal of epithelial to mesenchymal transition

David S. Yee, Yaxiong Tang, Xuesen Li, Zhongbo Liu, Yi Guo, Samia Ghaffar, Peter McQueen, Dash Atreya, Jun Xie, Anne R. Simoneau, Bang H. Hoang, Xiaolin Zi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: Aberrations in the Wnt pathway have been reported to be involved in the metastasis of prostate cancer (PCa) to bone. We investigated the effect and underlying mechanism of a naturally-occurring Wnt inhibitor, WIF1, on the growth and cellular invasiveness of a bone metastatic PCa cell line, PC3.Results: The WIF1 gene promoter was hypermethylated and its expression down-regulated in the majority (7 of 8) of PCa cell lines. Restoration of WIF1 expression in PC-3 cells resulted in a decreased cell motility and invasiveness via up-regulation of epithelial markers (E-cadherin, Keratin-8 and-18), down-regulation of mesenchymal markers (N-cadherin, Fibronectin and Vimentin) and decreased activity of MMP-2 and -9. PC3 cells transfected with WIF1 consistently demonstrated reduced expression of Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) transcription factors, Slug and Twist, and a change in morphology from mesenchymal to epithelial. Moreover, WIF1 expression significantly reduced tumor growth by approximately 63% in a xenograft mouse model. This was accompanied by an increased expression of E-cadherin and Keratin-18 and a decreased expression of vimentin in tumor tissues.Conclusion: These data suggest that WIF1 regulates tumor invasion through EMT process and thus, may play an important role in controlling metastatic disease in PCa patients. Blocking Wnt signaling in PCa by WIF1 may represent a novel strategy in the future to reduce metastatic disease burden in PCa patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number162
JournalMolecular Cancer
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 23 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Wnt Proteins
Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
Cell Movement
Prostatic Neoplasms
Cadherins
Growth
Keratin-18
Neoplasms
Vimentin
Keratin-8
Cell Line
Bone Neoplasms
Wnt Signaling Pathway
Matrix Metalloproteinases
Fibronectins
Heterografts
Up-Regulation
Down-Regulation
Neoplasm Metastasis
Bone and Bones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology

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The Wnt inhibitory factor 1 restoration in prostate cancer cells was associated with reduced tumor growth, decreased capacity of cell migration and invasion and a reversal of epithelial to mesenchymal transition. / Yee, David S.; Tang, Yaxiong; Li, Xuesen; Liu, Zhongbo; Guo, Yi; Ghaffar, Samia; McQueen, Peter; Atreya, Dash; Xie, Jun; Simoneau, Anne R.; Hoang, Bang H.; Zi, Xiaolin.

In: Molecular Cancer, Vol. 9, 162, 23.06.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yee, David S. ; Tang, Yaxiong ; Li, Xuesen ; Liu, Zhongbo ; Guo, Yi ; Ghaffar, Samia ; McQueen, Peter ; Atreya, Dash ; Xie, Jun ; Simoneau, Anne R. ; Hoang, Bang H. ; Zi, Xiaolin. / The Wnt inhibitory factor 1 restoration in prostate cancer cells was associated with reduced tumor growth, decreased capacity of cell migration and invasion and a reversal of epithelial to mesenchymal transition. In: Molecular Cancer. 2010 ; Vol. 9.
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