Background The value of FDG-PET in the staging of gastric adenocarcinoma (GA) has been subject to debate. Methods We performed a retrospective review of GA patients between 2006 and 2014 and identified those who had a CT and FDG-PET before initiating treatment. CT and FDG-PET images were analyzed by a blinded body radiologist and nuclear physician, respectively. Disease stage was assessed, looking at primary tumor (PT), locoregional (LLN) and distant lymph node disease (DLN), and metastasis (M). Results We identified 608 patients who had biopsy-proven GA and 207 (34.0%) had a CT and FDG-PET as part of their staging work-up. Of these, imaging from 166 (27.3%) patients was available for review. CT identified PT, LLN, DLN, and M in 120 (72.3%), 84 (50.6%), 25 (15.1%), and 32 (19.3%) patients, respectively; while FDG-PET identified PT, LLN, DLN, and M in 125 (75.3%), 78 (47.0%), 41 (24.7%), and 27 (16.3%) of patients, respectively. FDG-PET up-staged 31 (18.7%) patients while it down-staged 17 (10.2%) patients. Of patients who were up-staged, 20 (64.5%) developed progressive disease. Conclusions Our findings support the use of FDG-PET as a valuable adjunct to CT in the staging of GA, as it changed the stage in 48 (28.9%) patients. J. Surg. Oncol. 2016;113:640-646.
- 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro- d -glucose
- positron emission tomography
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