The use of hepatitis B core antibody-positive donor livers does not appear to have a deleterious effect on graft survival in liver transplantation for hepatitis C

S. Rayhill, J. Schwartz, J. Ham, R. Carithers, Y. Lei, R. Bhattacharya, I. Liou, C. Landis, A. Lamaye, R. Rakita, A. Dick, P. Healey, J. Halldorson, R. Bhakthavatsalam, J. Perkins, J. Reyes

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction The use of hepatitis B core antibody-positive donor livers (HBcAb +) has steadily increased. According to a recent multivariate analysis of United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) data, there was no significant increase in the risk of using these donors. The increased risk among the hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive subgroup noted in a univariate model disappeared upon multivariate analysis. However, deeper scrutiny may show that HCV-positive recipients may be at increased risk with HBcAb + donor livers, as they require simultaneous treatment with two antiviral regimens there may be deleterious interactions between the two viruses. Thus, the issue of HBcAb + donors for HCV-positive recipients merits more detailed analysis. Methods Using UNOS registry data of all liver transplantations performed during the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease era from February 2002 through November 2007, we analyzed graft survival using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses. Results Of the 12,543 HCV-positive recipients, 2,543 received HBcAb - livers and 853 received HBcAb + livers. While Kaplan- Meier analysis showed significantly lower graft survival among HCV-negative recipients of HBcAb + livers (P = .0001), there was no significant effect on graft survival among the HCV-positive population (P = .2). To detect an early effect in HCV-positive recipients, we examined 1-year graft survival, observing no significant difference (P = .3). To exclude a possible late effect, we examined graft survival in the HCV-positive population conditional upon surviving at least 1 year after transplantation; no significant difference was observed (P = .6). The elimination of potentially confounding codiagnoses, such as hepatitis B virus, alcoholism, acute graft failure, and hepatocellular cancer did not alter the findings. On univariate analysis, the lack of a significant effect persisted among the HCV population. However, the significant effect observed in the univariate model for the HCV-negative population became insignificant when combined with other risk factors in the multivariate model. Conclusion The use of HBcAb + livers in recipients with HCV did not appear to have a significant impact on grat survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4141-4144
Number of pages4
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume42
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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    Rayhill, S., Schwartz, J., Ham, J., Carithers, R., Lei, Y., Bhattacharya, R., Liou, I., Landis, C., Lamaye, A., Rakita, R., Dick, A., Healey, P., Halldorson, J., Bhakthavatsalam, R., Perkins, J., & Reyes, J. (2010). The use of hepatitis B core antibody-positive donor livers does not appear to have a deleterious effect on graft survival in liver transplantation for hepatitis C. Transplantation Proceedings, 42(10), 4141-4144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2010.09.023