The use of a scoring balloon for optimal lesion preparation prior to bioresorbable scaffold implantation: A comparison with conventional balloon predilatation

Tadashi Miyazaki, Azeem Latib, Neil Ruparelia, Hiroyoshi Kawamoto, Katsumasa Sato, Filippo Figini, Antonio Colombo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: Meticulous lesion preparation prior to bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) implantation has been strongly recommended. The aim of this study was to investigate if there was a benefit associated with scoring balloon use in lesion preparation in comparison to conventional balloons prior to implantation of a BVS. Methods and results: Of the lesions treated with BVS between May 2012 and July 2014, 155 lesions in the conventional balloon group and 29 lesions in the scoring balloon group were included. Procedures without predilatation and those which utilised cutting balloon or rotational atherectomy devices were excluded. Complex (B2/C lesion: 76.1% vs. 93.1%; p=0.028), restenotic (5.2% vs. 17.2%; p=0.036) and calcified (36.1% vs. 79.3%; p<0.001) lesions were more common in the scoring balloon group. Compared to the conventional balloon group, the scoring balloon group demonstrated better procedural IVUS outcomes with regard to both expansion index (defined as scaffold lumen area divided by final post-dilatation balloon cross-sectional area, 0.71 vs. 0.86; p<0.001) and eccentricity index (defined as minimal scaffold diameter divided by maximal scaffold diameter, 0.78 vs. 0.84; p<0.001). The occurrence of ischaemia-driven target lesion revascularisation at one year was similar (6.1% vs. 7.1%; p=0.87). Conclusions: Lesion preparation for complex lesions using a scoring balloon appeared to facilitate optimal sizing and radially concentric expansion of BVS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e1580-e1588
JournalEuroIntervention
Volume11
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bioresorbable scaffold
  • Eccentricity
  • Intravascular ultrasound
  • Lesion preparation
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention
  • Scoring balloon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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