In this paper we describe ultrastructure of the peritoneal membrane from single peritoneal biopsies collected from chronically dialysed rats with spontaneous peritonitis. The results were compared with those obtained in chronically dialysed animals without peritonitis. In rats with peritonitis, peritoneum was much thicker than in peritonitis-free animals. The increased thickness of the peritoneum during peritonitis was due to infiltration of the submesothelial tissue with oedematous fluid and to the presence of huge amount of cells in the stroma. The connective tissue cells were accumulated just underneath the peritoneal surface. In deeper parts of the interstitium, infiltrating acute inflammatory cells were present (lymphocytes, polymorphonuclear cells: neutrophils and eosinophils). Inversely, the increased thickness of the peritoneum in peritonitis-free animals was mainly due to enhanced amounts of collagen. Additionally, in rats with peritonitis, the surface was often denuded of mesothelial cells. The damaged mesothelial cells that detached from the peritoneal surface were also found. In conclusion, the morphological changes observed in rats with peritonitis are similar to those reported in humans, thus the model of peritonitis in dialysed rats can be used for the study of peritoneal remodeling during peritoneal dialysis complicated by peritonitis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||2|
|Journal||Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine