In Paramecium, secretory proteins are packaged within membrane-bounded vesicles in a condensed form. This form expands when the proteins are released. We have now determined that a proton gradient is present in the secretory vesicles of living Paramecium. Acridine Orange, used as an in vivo indicator of acidic compartments, stained the secretory vesicles in both wild-type and mutant cells. Addition of the two agents that dissipate proton gradients (protonophores), namely, 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) and carbonylcyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP), eliminated this staining. Washed cells re-established their intravesicular acidity. Effects of sodium azide on vesicular acidity suggest that proton transport in these vesicles involves an ATP-dependent mechanism.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of cell science|
|Volume||92 ( Pt 2)|
|State||Published - Feb 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology