The safety and efficacy of open bedside tracheotomy: A retrospective analysis of 1000 patients

David Z. Liao, Vikas Mehta, Corin M. Kinkhabwala, Daniel Li, Sarah Palsen, Bradley A. Schiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the safety/efficacy of performing open bedside tracheotomy (OBT) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients and identify predictive factors for outcomes. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study. We identified 1000 consecutive patients undergoing OBT at a single university hospital starting from August 1, 2007. Complication rate, 30-day mortality, decannulation rate, time to surgery (TTS) from initial consult, and ICU length of stay were analyzed. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify predictors of complication rate, 30-day mortality, and decannulation rate. Results: Mean TTS was 1.80 days. Major complication rate was 1%. No intraoperative deaths were caused by tracheotomy although two deaths resulted from late tracheotomy-related complications. Thirty-day mortality was 26.6%. The only significant predictor for overall complications was mild chronic hepatitis (OR = 2.355). Predictors for 30-day mortality included platelet count <50,000 (OR = 2.125) and vasopressor use (OR = 3.51). Each additional year of age was associated with decreased decannulation rate (OR = 0.972). Conclusions: This study demonstrates the safety and efficacy of starting an OBT program in a highly comorbid population without strict selection criteria. Safety of OBT was supported by minimal major complication rates and no intraoperative tracheotomy-related deaths in our cohort. These complication rates were comparable to, or lower than, published studies of open and percutaneous techniques. Predictive factors for decannulation, complication, and mortality were identified to help determine which patients would benefit from OBT. Level of Evidence: 4 Laryngoscope, 2019.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalLaryngoscope
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tracheotomy
Safety
Mortality
Intensive Care Units
Laryngoscopes
Chronic Hepatitis
Platelet Count
Patient Selection
Length of Stay
Cohort Studies
Multivariate Analysis
Retrospective Studies

Keywords

  • complications
  • open bedside
  • safety
  • tracheostomy
  • Tracheotomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

The safety and efficacy of open bedside tracheotomy : A retrospective analysis of 1000 patients. / Liao, David Z.; Mehta, Vikas; Kinkhabwala, Corin M.; Li, Daniel; Palsen, Sarah; Schiff, Bradley A.

In: Laryngoscope, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a66caa09ac824fad92a47f9483edfeed,
title = "The safety and efficacy of open bedside tracheotomy: A retrospective analysis of 1000 patients",
abstract = "Objectives: To evaluate the safety/efficacy of performing open bedside tracheotomy (OBT) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients and identify predictive factors for outcomes. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study. We identified 1000 consecutive patients undergoing OBT at a single university hospital starting from August 1, 2007. Complication rate, 30-day mortality, decannulation rate, time to surgery (TTS) from initial consult, and ICU length of stay were analyzed. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify predictors of complication rate, 30-day mortality, and decannulation rate. Results: Mean TTS was 1.80 days. Major complication rate was 1{\%}. No intraoperative deaths were caused by tracheotomy although two deaths resulted from late tracheotomy-related complications. Thirty-day mortality was 26.6{\%}. The only significant predictor for overall complications was mild chronic hepatitis (OR = 2.355). Predictors for 30-day mortality included platelet count <50,000 (OR = 2.125) and vasopressor use (OR = 3.51). Each additional year of age was associated with decreased decannulation rate (OR = 0.972). Conclusions: This study demonstrates the safety and efficacy of starting an OBT program in a highly comorbid population without strict selection criteria. Safety of OBT was supported by minimal major complication rates and no intraoperative tracheotomy-related deaths in our cohort. These complication rates were comparable to, or lower than, published studies of open and percutaneous techniques. Predictive factors for decannulation, complication, and mortality were identified to help determine which patients would benefit from OBT. Level of Evidence: 4 Laryngoscope, 2019.",
keywords = "complications, open bedside, safety, tracheostomy, Tracheotomy",
author = "Liao, {David Z.} and Vikas Mehta and Kinkhabwala, {Corin M.} and Daniel Li and Sarah Palsen and Schiff, {Bradley A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/lary.28234",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Laryngoscope",
issn = "0023-852X",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The safety and efficacy of open bedside tracheotomy

T2 - A retrospective analysis of 1000 patients

AU - Liao, David Z.

AU - Mehta, Vikas

AU - Kinkhabwala, Corin M.

AU - Li, Daniel

AU - Palsen, Sarah

AU - Schiff, Bradley A.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Objectives: To evaluate the safety/efficacy of performing open bedside tracheotomy (OBT) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients and identify predictive factors for outcomes. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study. We identified 1000 consecutive patients undergoing OBT at a single university hospital starting from August 1, 2007. Complication rate, 30-day mortality, decannulation rate, time to surgery (TTS) from initial consult, and ICU length of stay were analyzed. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify predictors of complication rate, 30-day mortality, and decannulation rate. Results: Mean TTS was 1.80 days. Major complication rate was 1%. No intraoperative deaths were caused by tracheotomy although two deaths resulted from late tracheotomy-related complications. Thirty-day mortality was 26.6%. The only significant predictor for overall complications was mild chronic hepatitis (OR = 2.355). Predictors for 30-day mortality included platelet count <50,000 (OR = 2.125) and vasopressor use (OR = 3.51). Each additional year of age was associated with decreased decannulation rate (OR = 0.972). Conclusions: This study demonstrates the safety and efficacy of starting an OBT program in a highly comorbid population without strict selection criteria. Safety of OBT was supported by minimal major complication rates and no intraoperative tracheotomy-related deaths in our cohort. These complication rates were comparable to, or lower than, published studies of open and percutaneous techniques. Predictive factors for decannulation, complication, and mortality were identified to help determine which patients would benefit from OBT. Level of Evidence: 4 Laryngoscope, 2019.

AB - Objectives: To evaluate the safety/efficacy of performing open bedside tracheotomy (OBT) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients and identify predictive factors for outcomes. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study. We identified 1000 consecutive patients undergoing OBT at a single university hospital starting from August 1, 2007. Complication rate, 30-day mortality, decannulation rate, time to surgery (TTS) from initial consult, and ICU length of stay were analyzed. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify predictors of complication rate, 30-day mortality, and decannulation rate. Results: Mean TTS was 1.80 days. Major complication rate was 1%. No intraoperative deaths were caused by tracheotomy although two deaths resulted from late tracheotomy-related complications. Thirty-day mortality was 26.6%. The only significant predictor for overall complications was mild chronic hepatitis (OR = 2.355). Predictors for 30-day mortality included platelet count <50,000 (OR = 2.125) and vasopressor use (OR = 3.51). Each additional year of age was associated with decreased decannulation rate (OR = 0.972). Conclusions: This study demonstrates the safety and efficacy of starting an OBT program in a highly comorbid population without strict selection criteria. Safety of OBT was supported by minimal major complication rates and no intraoperative tracheotomy-related deaths in our cohort. These complication rates were comparable to, or lower than, published studies of open and percutaneous techniques. Predictive factors for decannulation, complication, and mortality were identified to help determine which patients would benefit from OBT. Level of Evidence: 4 Laryngoscope, 2019.

KW - complications

KW - open bedside

KW - safety

KW - tracheostomy

KW - Tracheotomy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85071194399&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85071194399&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/lary.28234

DO - 10.1002/lary.28234

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85071194399

JO - Laryngoscope

JF - Laryngoscope

SN - 0023-852X

ER -