The safety and efficacy of open bedside tracheotomy: A retrospective analysis of 1000 patients

David Z. Liao, Vikas Mehta, Corin M. Kinkhabwala, Daniel Li, Sarah Palsen, Bradley A. Schiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the safety/efficacy of performing open bedside tracheotomy (OBT) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients and identify predictive factors for outcomes. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study. We identified 1000 consecutive patients undergoing OBT at a single university hospital starting from August 1, 2007. Complication rate, 30-day mortality, decannulation rate, time to surgery (TTS) from initial consult, and ICU length of stay were analyzed. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify predictors of complication rate, 30-day mortality, and decannulation rate. Results: Mean TTS was 1.80 days. Major complication rate was 1%. No intraoperative deaths were caused by tracheotomy although two deaths resulted from late tracheotomy-related complications. Thirty-day mortality was 26.6%. The only significant predictor for overall complications was mild chronic hepatitis (OR = 2.355). Predictors for 30-day mortality included platelet count <50,000 (OR = 2.125) and vasopressor use (OR = 3.51). Each additional year of age was associated with decreased decannulation rate (OR = 0.972). Conclusions: This study demonstrates the safety and efficacy of starting an OBT program in a highly comorbid population without strict selection criteria. Safety of OBT was supported by minimal major complication rates and no intraoperative tracheotomy-related deaths in our cohort. These complication rates were comparable to, or lower than, published studies of open and percutaneous techniques. Predictive factors for decannulation, complication, and mortality were identified to help determine which patients would benefit from OBT. Level of Evidence: 4. Laryngoscope, 130:1263–1269, 2020.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1263-1269
Number of pages7
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume130
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Tracheotomy
  • complications
  • open bedside
  • safety
  • tracheostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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