The Role of Heme Peroxo Oxidants in the Rational Mechanistic Modeling of Nitric Oxide Synthase: Characterization of Key Intermediates and Elucidation of the Mechanism

Pritam Mondal, Izumi Ishigami, Syun-Ru Yeh, Gayan B. Wijeratne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mammalian nitric oxide synthase (NOS) mediates the two-step O2-dependent oxidative degradation of arginine, and has been linked to a medley of disease situations in humans. Nonetheless, its exact mechanism of action still remains unclear. This work presents the first NOS model system where biologically proposed heme superoxo and peroxo intermediates are assessed as active oxidants against oxime substrates. Markedly, heme peroxo intermediates engaged in a bioinspired oxime oxidation reaction pathway, converting oximes to ketones and nitroxyl anions (NO). Detailed thermodynamic, kinetic, and mechanistic interrogations all evince a rate-limiting step primarily driven by the nucleophilicity of the heme peroxo moiety. Coherent with other findings, 18O and 15N isotope substitution experiments herein suffice compelling evidence toward a detailed mechanism, which draw close parallels to one of the enzymatic proposals. Intriguingly, recent enzymatic studies also lend credence to these findings, and several relevant reaction intermediates have been observed during NOS turnover.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Bioinorganic Chemistry
  • Enzyme Models
  • Heme Peroxo Complexes
  • Heme Proteins
  • Structure–Activity Relationships

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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