Examining the role of dietary protein and establishing intake guidelines among individuals with diabetes is complex. The 2013 American Diabetes Association (ADA) standards of care recommend an individualized approach to decision making with regard to protein intake and dietary macronutrient composition. Needs may vary based on cardiometabolic risk factors and renal function. Among individuals with impaired renal function, the ADA recommends reducing protein intake to 0.8-1.0 g/kg per day in earlier stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and to 0.8 g/kg per day in the later stages of CKD. Epidemiological studies suggest animal protein may increase risk of diabetes; however, few data are available to suggest how protein sources influence diabetes complications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine