The Reverend Russell H. Conwell, W. Wayne Babcock, and the "soup bone" cranioplasties of 1915

Adam L. Sandler, Arundhati Biswas, James Tait Goodrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


In 1915, faced with 2 patients with large skull defects, W. Wayne Babcock, an obstetrician-gynecologist-turnedgeneral surgeon, operating in a modest North Philadelphia hospital, did something extraordinary: he went to the hospital kitchen to look for a cranial graft. Based heavily on archival and other primary sources, the authors tell the remarkable tale of the "soup bone" cranioplasties of the Samaritan Hospital and place these operations within the context of the early modern American hospital.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberE21
JournalNeurosurgical focus
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014



  • Cranioplasty
  • History
  • Implant
  • Soup bone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this