The relative orientation of the Arg and Asp side chains defined by a pseudodihedral angle as a key criterion for evaluating the structure-activity relationship of RGD peptides

Sarantos Kostidis, Athanassios Stavrakoudis, Nikolaos Biris, Demokritos Tsoukatos, Constantinos Sakarellos, Vassilios Tsikaris

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23 Scopus citations


The ability of an integrin to distinguish between the RGD-containing extracellular matrix proteins is thought to be due partially to the variety of RGD conformations. Three criteria have been proposed for the evaluation of the structure-activity relationship of RGD-containing peptides. These include: (i) the distance between the charged centres, (ii) the distance between the Arg Cβ and Asp Cβ atoms, and (iii) the pseudodihedral angle defining the Arg and Asp side-chain orientation formed by the Arg Cζ, Arg Cα Asp Cα and Asp Cγ atoms. A comparative conformation-activity study was performed between linear RGD peptides and strongly constrained cyclic (S,S) -CDC- bearing compounds, which cover a wide range of inhibition potency of platelet aggregation. It is concluded that the fulfilment of the -45° ≤ pseudo-dihedral angle ≤ +45° criterion is a prerequisite for an RGD compound to exhibit inhibitory activity. Once this criterion is accomplished, the longer the distance between the charged centres and/or between the Arg and Asp Cβ atoms, the higher is the biological activity. In addition, the stronger the ionic interaction between Arg and Asp charged side chains, the lower the anti-aggregatory activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)494-509
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Peptide Science
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2004



  • Integrin inhibitors
  • RGD conformation
  • RGD inhibitors
  • RGD specificity
  • RGD structure-activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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