The Relationship of Obesity and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Neomi Shah, Francoise Roux

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder, and obesity is a known risk factor for its development. The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide, and a corresponding increase in the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea and its cardiovascular and noncardiovascular consequences is likely. This article reviews the established evidence supporting obesity as a risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea and discusses the evidence suggesting that obesity is also a consequence of obstructive sleep apnea. There is evidence that treating obesity reduces the severity of obstructive sleep apnea and that treating obstructive sleep apnea decreases obesity. However, the evidence does not support a sustained correlation between weight loss and improvement in sleep-disordered breathing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-465
Number of pages11
JournalClinics in Chest Medicine
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Dietary weight loss
  • Medical weight-loss therapy
  • Obesity
  • Sibutramine
  • Sleep-disordered breathing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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