The proximal chromosome 14q microdeletion syndrome: Delineation of the phenotype using high resolution SNP oligonucleotide microarray analysis (SOMA) and review of the literature

Edina Torgyekes, Alan L. Shanske, Kwame Anyane-Yeboa, Odelia Nahum, Sara Pirzadeh, Einat Blumfield, Vaidehi Jobanputra, Dorothy Warburton, Brynn Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on two patients with overlapping small interstitial deletions involving regions 14q12 to 14q13.1. Both children had severe developmental delay, failure to thrive, microcephaly, and distinctive facial features, including abnormal spacing of the eyes, epicanthal folds, sloping forehead, low-set ears, rounded eyebrows with triangular media aspect and outer tapering, depressed and broad nasal bridge, small mouth, a long philtrum, and a prominent Cupid's bow. Brain MRI of both children showed partial agenesis of the corpus callosum. Our first patient had bilateral hypoplastic optic nerves causing blindness, mild hearing impairment, sinus arrhythmia, abnormal temperature regulation, frequent apneic episodes, myoclonic jerks, and opisthotonus. Our second patient had a seizure disorder confirmed by EEG, sleep apnea, chronic interstitial lung disease, and several episodes of pneumonia and gastroenteritis. Cytogenetic analysis showed a normal karyotype in Patient 1 and a unique apparently balanced three-way translocation in Patient 2 involving chromosomes 4, 14, and 11. High resolution SNP Oligonucleotide Microarray Analysis (SOMA) revealed a deletion in the proximal region of chromosome 14q overlapping with the deletion of our first patient, and no copy number changes in chromosomes 4 and 11. Here, we review and compare published cases with a deletion involving the 14q12-22.1 chromosomal region in an effort to correlate phenotype and genotype. We also examine the underlying genomic architecture to identify the possible mechanism of the chromosomal abnormality. Our review found a patient with a mirror duplication of our first patient's deletion, confirming the existence of an underlying genomic structural instability in the region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1884-1896
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume155
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011

Keywords

  • Chromosome 14 deletions
  • Corpus callosum agenesis
  • Developmental disorders
  • Microarray analysis
  • Microcephaly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The proximal chromosome 14q microdeletion syndrome: Delineation of the phenotype using high resolution SNP oligonucleotide microarray analysis (SOMA) and review of the literature'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this