The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among law enforcement officers who responded to the 9/11 World Trade Center attacks

Jacqueline M. Moline, Mary Ann McLaughlin, Simonette T. Sawit, Cynara Maceda, Lori B. Croft, Martin E. Goldman, Mario J. Garcia, Rupa L. Iyengar, Mark Woodward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Law enforcement officers (LEOs) experience high rates of cardiovascular events compared with the general US population. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) confers an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. Data regarding MetS among LEOs are limited. Methods: We sought to determine the prevalence of MetS and its associated risk factors as well as gender differences among LEOs who participated in the World Trade Center (WTC) Law Enforcement Cardiovascular Screening (LECS) Program from 2008 to 2010. We evaluated a total of 2,497 participants, 40 years and older, who responded to the 9/11 WTC attacks. Results: The prevalence of MetS was 27%, with abdominal obesity and hypertension being the most frequently occurring risk factors. MetS and its risk factors were significantly higher among male compared to female LEOs, except for reduced HDL-cholesterol levels. Conclusions: MetS is a rising epidemic in the United States, and importantly, approximately one in four LEOs who worked at the WTC site after 9/11 are affected. Am. J. Ind. Med. 59:752–760, 2016.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)752-760
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume59
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

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Police
Law Enforcement
Abdominal Obesity
HDL Cholesterol
Cardiovascular Diseases
Hypertension
Mortality
Population

Keywords

  • law enforcement officers
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • World Trade Center

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Moline, J. M., McLaughlin, M. A., Sawit, S. T., Maceda, C., Croft, L. B., Goldman, M. E., ... Woodward, M. (2016). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among law enforcement officers who responded to the 9/11 World Trade Center attacks. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 59(9), 752-760. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22649

The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among law enforcement officers who responded to the 9/11 World Trade Center attacks. / Moline, Jacqueline M.; McLaughlin, Mary Ann; Sawit, Simonette T.; Maceda, Cynara; Croft, Lori B.; Goldman, Martin E.; Garcia, Mario J.; Iyengar, Rupa L.; Woodward, Mark.

In: American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Vol. 59, No. 9, 01.09.2016, p. 752-760.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moline, JM, McLaughlin, MA, Sawit, ST, Maceda, C, Croft, LB, Goldman, ME, Garcia, MJ, Iyengar, RL & Woodward, M 2016, 'The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among law enforcement officers who responded to the 9/11 World Trade Center attacks', American Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol. 59, no. 9, pp. 752-760. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22649
Moline, Jacqueline M. ; McLaughlin, Mary Ann ; Sawit, Simonette T. ; Maceda, Cynara ; Croft, Lori B. ; Goldman, Martin E. ; Garcia, Mario J. ; Iyengar, Rupa L. ; Woodward, Mark. / The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among law enforcement officers who responded to the 9/11 World Trade Center attacks. In: American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 2016 ; Vol. 59, No. 9. pp. 752-760.
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