The treatment of locally advanced carcinoma of the cervix with radiation therapy as a single modality is inadequate, specifically for stage III and IVA disease. While chemotherapy as single-modality therapy is ineffective in advanced cervical cancer, there is some evidence of efficacy when used in combination with radiation therapy. A recently conducted phase II trial from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine used standard whole pelvic radiation therapy with concurrent cisplatin 20 mg/m2/d x 5 days for four courses in women with stage IB to IVA cervical cancer. Toxicities, mainly hematologic and soft tissue, were acceptable in this trial. There was only a modest impact on disease-free survival among women with stage III disease. A subsequent phase I trial conducted by the New York Gynecologic Oncology Group tested the addition of amifostine to the combination of cisplatin plus radiation therapy using the Albert Einstein College of Medicine regimen. Amifostine at doses escalated from 340 to 910 mg/m2 was administered immediately before cisplatin. The dose-limiting toxicity was hypotension. Amifostine should be tested in future clinical trials either as a cytoprotective agent in patients receiving cisplatin plus radiation therapy or, alternatively, to assess dose intensification of cisplatin in combination with radiation therapy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Seminars in oncology|
|Issue number||4 SUPPL. 8|
|State||Published - Oct 7 1996|
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