The newly proposed clinical and post-neoadjuvant treatment staging classifications for gastric adenocarcinoma for the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging

Haejin In, Ethan Ravetch, Marisa Langdon-Embry, Bryan Palis, Jaffer A. Ajani, Wayne L. Hofstetter, David P. Kelsen, Takeshi Sano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: New stage grouping classifications for clinical (cStage) and post-neoadjuvant treatment (ypStage) stage for gastric adenocarcinoma have been proposed for the eighth edition of the AJCC manual. This article summarizes the analysis for these stages. Methods: Gastric adenocarcinoma patients diagnosed in 2004–2009 were identified from the National Cancer Database (NCDB). The cStage cohort included both surgical and nonsurgical cases, and the ypStage cohort included only patients who had chemotherapy or radiation therapy before surgery. Survival differences between the stage groups were determined by the log-rank test and prognostic accuracy was assessed by concordance index. Analysis was performed using SAS 9.4 (SAS, Cary, NC, USA). Results: Five strata for cStage and four strata for ypStage were developed. The 5-year survival rates for cStages were 56.77%, 47.39%, 33.1%, 25.9%, and 5.0% for stages I, IIa, IIb, III, and IV, respectively, and the rates for ypStage were 74.2%, 46.3%, 19.2%, and 11.6% for stages I, II, III, and IV, respectively. The log-rank test showed that survival differences were well stratified and stage groupings were ordered and distinct (p < 0.0001). The proposed cStage and ypStage classification was sensitive and specific and had high prognostic accuracy (cStage: c index = 0.81, 95% CI, 0.79–0.83; ypStage: c index = 0.80, 95% CI, 0.73–0.87). Conclusion: The proposed eighth edition establishes two new staging schemata that provide essential prognostic data for patients before treatment and for patients who have undergone surgery following neoadjuvant therapy. These additions are a significant advance to the AJCC staging manual and will provide critical guidance to clinicians in making informed decisions throughout the treatment course.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalGastric Cancer
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Sep 25 2017

Keywords

  • AJCC
  • Clinical stage (cStage)
  • Gastric adenocarcinoma
  • Post-neoadjuvant treatment stage (ypStage)
  • Staging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Cancer Research

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