The electronic health record (EHR) has been heralded as a transformative approach to modernizing health care and advancing health equity. Access to the EHR can facilitate shared clinical decision-making and improved communication with patients, families, and among health care providers. Recent legislative and regulatory efforts have been passed to increase the transparency as well as the initiatives to increase the meaningful use of the EHR. Yet despite these well-intended efforts, challenges to addressing health equity through the EHR persist. This article reviews three distinct challenges to addressing health equity related to the EHR. We discuss (1) both the implicit and explicit bias that exist in EHR documentation, (2) the gaps that remain between screening for social determinants of health and the effective inclusion and billing of that screening into the EHR, and (3) the disparities that exist with the use of patient portals. Addressing these three areas will enhance the opportunities to advance health equity through the use of the EHR and bring us one step closer to eliminating health disparities in pediatric health care. [Pediatr Ann. 2022;51(3):e112-e117.].
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health