The Influence of Lesion Location on the Diagnostic Accuracy of Adenosine-Free Coronary Pressure Wire Measurements

Yuhei Kobayashi, Nils P. Johnson, Colin Berry, Bernard De Bruyne, K. Lance Gould, Allen Jeremias, Keith G. Oldroyd, Nico H.J. Pijls, William F. Fearon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives This work compares the diagnostic performance of adenosine-free coronary pressure wire indices based on lesion location. Background Several adenosine-free coronary pressure wire indices have been proposed to assess the functional significance of coronary artery lesions; however, there is a theoretical concern that lesion location and the mass of perfused myocardium may affect diagnostic performance. Methods A total of 763 patients were prospectively enrolled from 12 institutions. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) and contrast-based FFR (cFFR) were obtained during adenosine-induced maximal hyperemia and contrast-induced submaximal hyperemia respectively, whereas the instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) and distal pressure/aortic pressure (Pd/Pa) were obtained at rest. Using an FFR of ≤0.80 as a reference standard, the diagnostic accuracy of each index was compared based on lesion location (left main or proximal left anterior descending artery [LM/pLAD] compared with other lesion locations). Results The median FFR, cFFR, iFR, and Pd/Pa were 0.81 (interquartile range [IQR]: 0.74 to 0.87), 0.86 (IQR: 0.79 to 0.91), 0.90 (IQR: 0.85 to 0.94), and 0.92 (IQR: 0.88 to 0.95), respectively. The cFFR, iFR, and Pd/Pa were less accurate in LM/pLAD compared with other lesion locations (cFFR: 80.3% vs. 87.8%; iFR: 73.3% vs. 81.8%; Pd/Pa: 71.4% vs. 81.1%, respectively). By receiver-operating characteristics curve analysis, cFFR provided better diagnostic accuracy than resting indices regardless of lesion location (p ≤0.0001 vs. iFR and Pd/Pa for both groups). Conclusions The cFFR, iFR, and Pd/Pa are less accurate in LM/pLAD compared with other lesion locations, likely related to the larger amount of myocardium supplied by LM/pLAD. Nevertheless, cFFR provides the best diagnostic accuracy among the adenosine-free indices, regardless of lesion location.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2390-2399
Number of pages10
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume9
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 12 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • contrast fractional flow reserve
  • fractional flow reserve
  • instantaneous wave-free ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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