The Impact of Race on the Prognosis of Preclinical Diastolic Dysfunction: A Large Multiracial Urban Population Study

Jian Shan, Lili Zhang, Anthony A. Holmes, Cynthia C. Taub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background This study was performed to assess the impact of race on the incidence of heart failure and survival in patients with preclinical diastolic dysfunction. Methods All adults during a 5-year period with grade 1 diastolic dysfunction on echocardiogram, left ventricular ejection fraction ≥50%, and no diagnosis of heart failure were included in this study. Clinical endpoints were new diagnosis of heart failure (International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision code 428.0) and all-cause mortality. A total of 7878 patients: 20.8% non-Hispanic White, 35.8% non-Hispanic Black, and 31.0% Hispanic individuals (mean age was 68 ± 12 years, 37% men) were included in the study. Non-Hispanic Whites were older, more frequently male, and had a higher mean socioeconomic status and more antecedent myocardial infarction. Results Non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics had more hypertension, diabetes, renal disease, and cerebrovascular disease. After a median follow-up time of 6 years, 1356 patients developed heart failure and 2078 patients died. The 10-year cumulative probabilities of heart failure and all-cause mortality were 23.9% and 32.6%, respectively. Time to incident heart failure was similar among the 3 racial groups. However, non-Hispanic Blacks (hazard ratio 0.80, P =.002) and Hispanics (hazard ratio 0.67, P <.001) experienced lower mortality compared with non-Hispanic Whites, which was confirmed on a propensity-scored sensitivity analysis. Conclusions Time to heart failure was similar among the 3 racial groups, however, non-Hispanic Whites experienced worse survival compared with non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics, despite their higher burden of risk factors. The reasons for worse survival in the non-Hispanic white population need to be further explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222.e1-222.e10
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Volume129
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • All-cause mortality
  • Diastolic dysfunction
  • Heart failure
  • Race
  • Sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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