The genetic susceptibility to Graves' disease

Y. Tomer, T. F. Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Graves' disease (GD) develops as a result of a complex interaction between genetic susceptibility genes and likely environmental factors. Most epidemiological data support an important genetic contribution to the development of GD. The concordance rate of GD in monozygotic twins is 30-60% and in dizygotic twins 3-9%, and thyroid autoantibodies have been reported in up to 50% of the siblings of patients with GD. For many years now, HLA studies have consistently shown an increased frequency of HLA-DR3 in Caucasian patients with GD; but with only a risk ratio of 3-5. However, recent advances in human genome mapping techniques have enabled the study of many other candidate genes. Of these additional, non-HLA genes, only CTLA-4 has been consistently found to be associated with GD. Using a linkage based approach which only detects highly significant susceptibility genes we have recently reported preliminary results which demonstrated that a marker located ~ 25 cM from the TSH receptor gene on chromosome 14q31 is linked to GD and in the same vicinity as the IDDM-11 locus. Such results, if confirmed, may signal the presence of a gene family related to endocrine autoimmunity on chromosome 14q31.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-450
Number of pages20
JournalBailliere's Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Association
  • Autoimmunity
  • Genes
  • Graves' disease
  • HLA
  • Linkage
  • TSH receptor
  • Thyroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology

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