The Evolution of Nuclear Medicine and the Musculoskeletal System

Christopher J. Palestro, Charito Love, Robert Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


This article reviews the evolution of nuclear medicine in the evaluation of the musculoskeletal system over the past hundred years, from autoradiography and Geiger counters and rectilinear scanners to sophisticated imaging devices that provide both functional and morphological information. Initially synonymous with bone scanning, radionuclide evaluation of musculoskeletal disorders now includes gallium, labeled leukocytes, FDG, and fluourine-18, indications and applications of which are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)505-532
Number of pages28
JournalRadiologic clinics of North America
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Bone scanning
  • Gallium
  • Labeled leukocytes
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Trauma
  • Tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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