The environment in pediatric practice: A study of New York pediatricians' attitudes, beliefs, and practices towards children's environmental health

Leonardo Trasande, Joseph Boscarino, Nathan Graber, Raphael Falk, Clyde Schechter, Maida Galvez, George Dunkel, Jessica Geslani, Jacqueline Moline, Evonne Kaplan-Liss, Richard K. Miller, Katrina Korfmacher, David Carpenter, Joel Forman, Sophie J. Balk, Danielle Laraque, Howard Frumkin, Philip Landrigan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations


Chronic diseases of environmental origin are a significant and increasing public health problem among the children of New York State, yet few resources exist to address this growing burden. To assess New York State pediatricians self-perceived competency in dealing with common environmental exposures and diseases of environmental origin in children, we assessed their attitudes and beliefs about the role of the environment in children's health. A four-page survey was sent to 1,500 randomly selected members of the New York State American Academy of Pediatrics in February 2004. We obtained a 20.3% response rate after one follow-up mailing; respondents and nonrespondents did not differ in years of licensure or county of residence. Respondents agreed that the role of environment in children's health is significant (mean 4.44 ± 0.72 on 1-5 Likert scale). They voiced high self-efficacy in dealing with lead exposure (mean 4.16-4.24 ± 0.90-1.05), but their confidence in their skills for addressing pesticides, mercury and mold was much lower (means 2.51-3.21 ± 0.90-1.23; p < 0.001). About 93.8% would send patients to a clinic "where pediatricians could refer patients for clinical evaluation and treatment of their environmental health concerns." These findings indicate that New York pediatricians agree that children are suffering preventable illnesses of environmental origin but feel ill-equipped to educate families about common exposures. Significant demand exists for specialized centers of excellence that can evaluate environmental health concerns, and for educational opportunities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)760-772
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Urban Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006



  • AAP
  • Asthma
  • Environmental pediatrics
  • HPV chemicals
  • New York State
  • Pediatrician attitudes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Urban Studies
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Trasande, L., Boscarino, J., Graber, N., Falk, R., Schechter, C., Galvez, M., Dunkel, G., Geslani, J., Moline, J., Kaplan-Liss, E., Miller, R. K., Korfmacher, K., Carpenter, D., Forman, J., Balk, S. J., Laraque, D., Frumkin, H., & Landrigan, P. (2006). The environment in pediatric practice: A study of New York pediatricians' attitudes, beliefs, and practices towards children's environmental health. Journal of Urban Health, 83(4), 760-772.