The effects of self-hypnosis on quality of life following coronary artery bypass surgery

preliminary results of a prospective, randomized trial.

R. C. Ashton, G. C. Whitworth, J. A. Seldomridge, P. A. Shapiro, Robert E. Michler, C. R. Smith, E. A. Rose, S. Fisher, M. C. Oz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of complementary techniques and alternative medicine on allopathic therapies is generating much interest and research. To properly evaluate these techniques, well controlled studies are needed to corroborate the findings espoused by individuals practicing complementary medicine therapies. To this end, we evaluated the role of one of these therapies, self-hypnosis relaxation techniques, in a prospective, randomized trial to study its effects on quality of life after coronary artery bypass surgery. Subjects were randomized to a control group or a study group. Study group patients were taught self-hypnosis relaxation techniques the night prior to surgery. The control group received no such treatment. Patients then underwent routine cardiac management and care. The main endpoint of our study was quality of life, assessed by the Profile of Moods Scale. Results demonstrated that patients undergoing self-hypnosis the night prior to coronary artery bypass surgery were significantly more relaxed than the control group (p = 0.0317). Trends toward improvement were also noted in depression, anger, and fatigue. This study demonstrates the beneficial effects of self-hypnosis relaxation techniques on coronary surgery. This study also identifies endpoints and a study design that can be used to assess complementary medicine therapies. Results of this preliminary investigation are encouraging and demonstrate a need for further well-controlled studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-290
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.)
Volume1
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1995
Externally publishedYes

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Hypnosis
Complementary Therapies
Coronary Artery Bypass
Quality of Life
Relaxation Therapy
Control Groups
Anger
Fatigue
Therapeutics
Depression
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

The effects of self-hypnosis on quality of life following coronary artery bypass surgery : preliminary results of a prospective, randomized trial. / Ashton, R. C.; Whitworth, G. C.; Seldomridge, J. A.; Shapiro, P. A.; Michler, Robert E.; Smith, C. R.; Rose, E. A.; Fisher, S.; Oz, M. C.

In: Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 1, No. 3, 09.1995, p. 285-290.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ashton, R. C. ; Whitworth, G. C. ; Seldomridge, J. A. ; Shapiro, P. A. ; Michler, Robert E. ; Smith, C. R. ; Rose, E. A. ; Fisher, S. ; Oz, M. C. / The effects of self-hypnosis on quality of life following coronary artery bypass surgery : preliminary results of a prospective, randomized trial. In: Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.). 1995 ; Vol. 1, No. 3. pp. 285-290.
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