The effects of preoperative chemotherapy on the resectability of non-small cell lung carcinoma with mediastinal lymph node metastases (N2 M0)

Nael Martini, Mark G. Kris, Richard J. Gralla, Manjit S. Bains, Patricia M. McCormack, Larry R. Kaiser, Michael E. Burt, Muhammad B. Zaman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

135 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have defined "clinical N2" disease in non-small cell lung cancer to mean the presence of enlarged metastatic mediastinal nodes evident on plain chest roentgenograms or widening of the carina at bronchoscopy. Forty-one patients with non-small cell carcinoma of the lung and clinical N2 M0 disease presumed operable received 2 to 3 cycles of high-dose cisplatin with vindesine (or vinblastine sulfate) with or without mitomycin-C. Following chemotherapy, 30 patients (73%) had a major radiographic response. Of these patients, 28 had thoracotomy, and 21 (75%) of them had complete resection of the disease, 8 of whom had total sterilization of the tumor proven histologically. An additional 4 patients had limited microscopic foci of residual tumor either in lung or lymph nodes. Survival at 3 years from diagnosis was 34% for all patients, 40% for those who completed the combined treatment (chemotherapy and surgery), and 54% for those who had complete resection with a median follow-up of 44 months and a median survival not yeat attained.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-379
Number of pages10
JournalThe Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1988

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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