The effects of pdr1, djr1.1 and pink1 loss in manganese-induced toxicity and the role of α-synuclein in C. elegans

Julia Bornhorst, Sudipta Chakraborty, Sören Meyer, Hanna Lohren, Sigrid Große Brinkhaus, Adam L. Knight, Kim A. Caldwell, Guy A. Caldwell, Uwe Karst, Tanja Schwerdtle, Aaron Bowman, Michael Aschner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative brain disorder characterized by selective dopaminergic (DAergic) cell loss that results in overt motor and cognitive deficits. Current treatment options exist to combat PD symptomatology, but are unable to directly target its pathogenesis due to a lack of knowledge concerning its etiology. Several genes have been linked to PD, including three genes associated with an early-onset familial form: parkin, pink1 and dj1. All three genes are implicated in regulating oxidative stress pathways. Another hallmark of PD pathophysiology is Lewy body deposition, associated with the gain-of-function genetic risk factor α-synuclein. The function of α-synuclein is poorly understood, as it shows both neurotoxic and neuroprotective activities in PD. Using the genetically tractable invertebrate Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) model system, the neurotoxic or neuroprotective role of α-synuclein upon acute Mn exposure in the background of mutated pdr1, pink1 or djr1.1 was examined. The pdr1 and djr1.1 mutants showed enhanced Mn accumulation and oxidative stress that was reduced by α-synuclein. Moreover, DAergic neurodegeneration, while unchanged with Mn exposure, returned to wild-type (WT) levels for pdr1, but not djr1.1 mutants expressing α-synuclein. Taken together, this study uncovers a novel, neuroprotective role for WT human α-synuclein in attenuating Mn-induced toxicity in the background of PD-associated genes, and further supports the role of extracellular dopamine in exacerbating Mn neurotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)476-490
Number of pages15
JournalMetallomics
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

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Synucleins
Caenorhabditis elegans
Manganese
Parkinson Disease
Toxicity
Genes
Oxidative stress
Oxidative Stress
Lewy Bodies
Brain Diseases
Invertebrates
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Dopamine
Brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics

Cite this

Bornhorst, J., Chakraborty, S., Meyer, S., Lohren, H., Große Brinkhaus, S., Knight, A. L., ... Aschner, M. (2014). The effects of pdr1, djr1.1 and pink1 loss in manganese-induced toxicity and the role of α-synuclein in C. elegans. Metallomics, 6(3), 476-490. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3mt00325f

The effects of pdr1, djr1.1 and pink1 loss in manganese-induced toxicity and the role of α-synuclein in C. elegans. / Bornhorst, Julia; Chakraborty, Sudipta; Meyer, Sören; Lohren, Hanna; Große Brinkhaus, Sigrid; Knight, Adam L.; Caldwell, Kim A.; Caldwell, Guy A.; Karst, Uwe; Schwerdtle, Tanja; Bowman, Aaron; Aschner, Michael.

In: Metallomics, Vol. 6, No. 3, 03.2014, p. 476-490.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bornhorst, J, Chakraborty, S, Meyer, S, Lohren, H, Große Brinkhaus, S, Knight, AL, Caldwell, KA, Caldwell, GA, Karst, U, Schwerdtle, T, Bowman, A & Aschner, M 2014, 'The effects of pdr1, djr1.1 and pink1 loss in manganese-induced toxicity and the role of α-synuclein in C. elegans', Metallomics, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 476-490. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3mt00325f
Bornhorst J, Chakraborty S, Meyer S, Lohren H, Große Brinkhaus S, Knight AL et al. The effects of pdr1, djr1.1 and pink1 loss in manganese-induced toxicity and the role of α-synuclein in C. elegans. Metallomics. 2014 Mar;6(3):476-490. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3mt00325f
Bornhorst, Julia ; Chakraborty, Sudipta ; Meyer, Sören ; Lohren, Hanna ; Große Brinkhaus, Sigrid ; Knight, Adam L. ; Caldwell, Kim A. ; Caldwell, Guy A. ; Karst, Uwe ; Schwerdtle, Tanja ; Bowman, Aaron ; Aschner, Michael. / The effects of pdr1, djr1.1 and pink1 loss in manganese-induced toxicity and the role of α-synuclein in C. elegans. In: Metallomics. 2014 ; Vol. 6, No. 3. pp. 476-490.
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