The effects of low to moderate lead levels on neurobehavioral functioning in children: Toward a conceptual model

Holly A. Ruff, Polly E. Bijur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations


The purpose of this article is to present a working model of the way in which low to moderate levels of lead toxicity may affect the neurological and behavioral functioning of young children. The model is used to organize representative data on the subject, to evaluate the state of the field, and to suggest directions for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-109
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1989



  • Cognition
  • Function
  • Lead intoxication
  • Neurobehavioral

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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