The effects of EEG suppression and anesthetics on stimulus thresholds in functional cortical motor mapping

Mirela V. Simon, Costas Michaelides, Sonya Wang, Keith H. Chiappa, Emad N. Eskandar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effects of EEG suppression and anesthetics on variability of electrical stimulus thresholds during functional cortical motor mapping, and the possible influences of age, lesion location and pathology. Methods: Multivariate regression analysis was performed to study these relationships in 60 cases of successful mapping using the monopolar multipulse train technique. Results: An increase in the length of EEG "flats" by 1 s produced an increase in stimulus threshold by 1.08 mA (p = 0.0004). Administration of TIVA (total intravenous anesthesia) or inhalational agents produced an additional increase in threshold by 1.27 mA (p = 0.38) or 4.84 mA (p = 0.04) respectively, when compared to awake patients. Conclusions: Depth of cortical suppression impacts the stimulus thresholds. The effect of TIVA on thresholds is mediated by its effect on cortical excitability. The effects of inhalational agents on thresholds involve their influence on excitability at other levels of the neuraxis. Significance: The study represents an important step towards building a predictive model for stimulus thresholds. It also improves our understanding of the relationships of anesthetics, EEG burst suppression pattern and age with cortical excitability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)784-792
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume121
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Age
  • Anesthetics
  • Cortical excitability
  • Cortical mapping
  • EEG burst suppression
  • Stimulus thresholds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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