The effect of dietary changes and intentional weight loss on high density cholesterol levels in older adults

Adam Goldman, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Charles Swencionis, Ellen Dornelas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of a behaviorally-oriented program to reduce calories and increase physical activity on HDL cholesterol level was evaluated in overweight older adult subjects (n = 31). HDL cholesterol increased from 45.8 to 52.1 mg/dl (p <.0003), and total mean cholesterol increased from 238.0 to 249.5 mg/dl (p <.05). Body weight decreased from 175.0 lbs to 172.6 lbs (p <.03). Analysis of baseline and 40 week food frequency questionnaires indicated that the mean caloric intake had decreased from 1535 to 1303 kcal/day (p <.02), and total fat intake decreased by 9.8 gm/day (p <.01). Weight loss accounted for 13% of the variance in HDL cholesterol change (p <.05). Decreasing fat intake resulted in a smaller increase in HDL cholesterol (F, (l,29) = 5.91, p <.03). Our findings provide further support that a prudent approach to weight reduction can be beneficial in an older adult population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Nutrition for the Elderly
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 25 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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