The duration of auditory sensory memory for vowel processing: Neurophysiological and behavioral measures

Yan H. Yu, Valerie L. Shafer, Elyse S. Sussman

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Abstract

Speech perception behavioral research suggests that rates of sensory memory decay are dependent on stimulus properties at more than one level (e.g., acoustic level, phonemic level). The neurophysiology of sensory memory decay rate has rarely been examined in the context of speech processing. In a lexical tone study, we showed that long-term memory representation of lexical tone slows the decay rate of sensory memory for these tones. Here, we tested the hypothesis that long-term memory representation of vowels slows the rate of auditory sensory memory decay in a similar way to that of lexical tone. Event-related potential (ERP) responses were recorded to Mandarin non-words contrasting the vowels/i/vs./u/and/y/vs./u/from first-language (L1) Mandarin and L1 American English participants under short and long interstimulus interval (ISI) conditions (short ISI: an average of 575 ms, long ISI: an average of 2675 ms). Results revealed poorer discrimination of the vowel contrasts for English listeners than Mandarin listeners, but with different patterns for behavioral perception and neural discrimination. As predicted, English listeners showed the poorest discrimination and identification for the vowel contrast/y/vs./u/, and poorer performance in the long ISI condition. In contrast to Yu et al. (2017), however, we found no effect of ISI reflected in the neural responses, specifically the mismatch negativity (MMN), P3a and late negativity ERP amplitudes. We did see a language group effect, with Mandarin listeners generally showing larger MMN and English listeners showing larger P3a. The behavioral results revealed that native language experience plays a role in echoic sensory memory trace maintenance, but the failure to find an effect of ISI on the ERP results suggests that vowel and lexical tone memory traces decay at different rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number335
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume9
Issue numberMAR
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 22 2018

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Keywords

  • Event-related potentials
  • Interstimulus interval
  • Late negativity
  • Mismatch negativity
  • P3a novelty
  • Sensory memory decay
  • Speech perception
  • Vowel processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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