The development of epilepsy in the paediatric brain

Jana Velíšková, Libor Velíšek, Ellen F. Sperber, Kurt Z. Haas, Solomon L. Moshe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The immature central nervous system (CNS) is more susceptible to the development of seizures than its adult counterpart. Developmental studies of experimental seizures have suggested that young animals have unique behavioural seizure patterns, including the presence of bilateral, though asymmetric, convulsions. There are differences in the mechanisms responsible for the generation of seizures, propagation patterns and seizure arrest and recurrences. These differences are due to local factors as well as factors that affect neural systems consisting of long neuronal circuits. The substantia nigra, a site involved in the control of seizures, will be used as an example to demonstrate how evolving neurobiological processes modulate the suppression or exacerbation of seizures with age. Evidence will also be presented indicating that early in life, seizures may not produce hippocampal damage. An understanding of the age-related differences is important for the development of rational approaches to treating seizures and their consequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-270
Number of pages8
JournalSeizure
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

Keywords

  • development
  • epilepsy
  • hippocampus
  • kindling
  • seizures
  • substantia nigra

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Velíšková, J., Velíšek, L., Sperber, E. F., Haas, K. Z., & Moshe, S. L. (1994). The development of epilepsy in the paediatric brain. Seizure, 3(4), 263-270. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1059-1311(05)80173-6